In 1895, Marconi built a
transmitter and receiver in his house, sending signals from one end of the house
to the other. Later that year, he reportedly transmitted to his garden, then to
a listening post 1.5 miles away.
When the Italian government refused to
finance his work, Marconi moved to England. His goal was to transmit across the
Atlantic Ocean. Marconi set up operations in several places. Among them,
Lavernock, near Porthcawl, Wales; Poldhu, Cornwall, England; Holy Head, Wales;
and St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
On May 13, 1897, Marconi
transmitted wireless signals from Flatholm Island, just off the coast of Wales
to Lavernock. In conjunction with W.H. Preece, this led to the development of
the first practical wireless transmission system to be used for commercial
On April 26, 1900, Marconi
received a patent (Number 7777) from the British Government. On May 21, 1901 the listening post set up
Marconi at Queens Park, Holyhead picked up what may be the first ever
ship-to-shore radio message from the middle of the Atlantic.
Marconi Signal Station -
1901 Pictures courtesy of Marconi Archives, UK and Ray Steadman - Holyhead Lifeboat
Crewman (Mr. Steadman's family lives in a home built on this home's property today)
A ship called SS Lake Champlain was going from
Liverpool to Halifax, Nova Scotia. The attempt was made to make a test radio
transmission from the ship to Crookhaven in Southern Ireland, but instead
contact was made with the Marconi post at Holyhead. An account of this reception
and history can be found here.
The station was thought to have been demolished
after the second world war but was found to be still in existence and apart from
the mast (ariel) the house looks the same as it did in 1901.
In November 1901, Marconi
installed a new transmitter at Poldhu, said to be 100 times more powerful than
any other transmitter then in existence.
Then, on December 12, 1901, he
received signals from across the ocean, ushering in a new age of communication
over long distances. This truly can be said to be the invention that "shrunk the
Over the coming years, Marconi built a
major corporation that dominated wireless telegraphy for some years. The Marconi
company today is still a force in the electronics industry.
Among his other achievements was the 1909
Nobel Prize for Physics.
Guglielmo Marconi died on July 20,
In Early 2004, Andy approached Dean with a concept. His thought was to introduce a new Dx Group with substance, quality, pride and above all else, stability. Since Andy had proven his skills as a Officer in other Dx Groups and was an advit hobbiest himself, he had the creditials and backbone necessary to bring this idea into words. Dean too had years off amateur service behind thus soon the fundamentals were being put into place. Then the dreams became reality, websites where launched, club logo's developed, memberships taken, moto's created, and a "Magic Team" formed.
We realized success when other Dx group's recognized us, some with positive remarks and words of encouragement, others with obvious signs of concern, concern that we may be the cause of their membership losses. Our primary goal is one that puts our members first, keeping them informed, never hiding information from them, and always treating them with the dignity and respect becoming of not only a fellow radio operator but one that is part of a family.
Today the foundation is in place, with a "Magic Team", a HQ in the United Kingdom, a HQ in California, A Dx Manager located in the South Pacific, and an Internet/Web Master Specialist found in Northern Europe we cover some 16 different time zones. OK DX has three active websites, with more in the conceptual stages. Members in many of the DXCC prefixes have joined us and we have now begun supporting them. In just over 4 months our websites have had some 5000 plus visitors, we have pre-printed professional grade Qsl cards for members, apparel, log books, mailing lists, Guestbook, quest maps, and many other benefits. We are just beginning. We will insure that the next generation of Dx'ers provides professional operators with a passion for radio service, computers and the Internet with the means to unite as one for the next peak in the 11 year 27 Mhz cycle.